Decline of the Roman Empire Essay
Decline of the Roman Empire Essay
There has been much debate over the main reasons for the decline of the roman empire, with many points contradicting each other, but the most important reasons in my opinion can be easily shown in this essay.
My first and most important point is that Romans were greedy. Evidence of this is that taxes were increased so that the emperors could afford the luxuries and to have more money, so they looked like they were very rich even though some emperors weren't. This caused the empire to decline because people would stop paying taxes so that Rome would be weaker and vulnerable to attack. I believe this to be the most important cause of the decline of the Roman empire because this caused other things to happen, like people would question the ruling of Rome which would cause wars and arguments about who would be the next emperor, which caused the Roman empire to split into east and west which in turn caused soldiers to quit or lose discipline which then left the defences vulnerable for their worst enemies (The Barbarians) to attack. I think that this is Rome's fault. On the other hand, a very close second would be that the barbarians attacked because the roman defences were weak, they wiped out most of the Roman empire by themselves and left a lot of Romans for slaves and just left a tiny bit of the empire so the Roman empire had to retire. This links to the Barbarians keeping attacking because the Roman soldiers would be distracted about taxes being raised, leaving the defences vulnerable for the barbarians to keep attacking.
The second most important reason that the roman empire declined is that the Barbarians attacked. The Barbarians attacked several times. Gaiseric was the first of their leaders. If the barbarians hadn't of attacked most of the Roman empire wouldn't of been took over. As a result of this, most Romans were took over or made slaves. Consequently, the Romans were weaker thus forcing the Roman empire to end. I do not think that this is Rome's fault though, it was the Barbarians who attacked them. This links to Romans were murdered because it could of been the attacking barbarians who killed them.
The next most important reason that the Roman empire declined is that 20 out of 23 emperors were murdered. Constantinople was one of them as he was murdered whilst on the toilet. Julius Cesar was another as he was stabbed to death. This caused political instability because when the news got round that Julius Cesar had been murdered, Constantinople had already been murdered. As a result of this, wild tribes attacked. You could argue either way on whether this is Rome's fault or not. This links to people arguing about who would be emperor because when the emperors were murdered powerful generals would argue and even have wars about who would be emperor.
The fourth most important reason that the Roman empire declined is that powerful generals kept arguing about who would be emperor. For instance Marius was one of the most famous generals of the roman empire but was never emperor, this caused anger so he stopped being a general. This would make the roman empire decline because the generals might quit if they don't become emperor leaving the defence unguarded which would also cause wild tribes to invade. I believe this to be Rome's fault because it was the powerful generals of Rome who were arguing. This links to people rebelled against their rulers because the powerful generals who didn't become emperor might rebel if they didn't become emperor.
The next most important reason that the Roman empire declined is that people rebelled against their rulers. People destroyed main buildings in the empire and maybe fight against them. They did this because the rules were strict and they didn't really get anything unless they were in the army. This caused the army to be busy with killing the people who are rebelling. As a result of this, the borders were weak thus leaving them vulnerable to be attacked. This is the Romans fault as it would be the Roman people who rebelled against their rulers. This links to the empire got too big and split into east and west because people had no choice on which part of the empire they would be in so they would rebel against that ruler.
The final reason I will talk about and the sixth most important reason is that the empire got too big and split into east and west. Diocletian split the Roman empire because it was too big and because it was getting too difficult to handle by one emperor. This caused the empire to decline because the Roman soldiers had no choice on which side it would be on so they would quit the army which caused the defences to be weaker which caused wild tribes to attack.
All in all, I think that the decline of the Roman empire was Rome's fault as most of the important factors were their fault. I believe that the Romans were greedy and that was the most important cause of the decline of the Roman empire as explained in my essay.